A herniated disc occurs when the intervertebral disc is injured, allowing its contents to bulge or protrude into the spinal canal. A herniated disc can also be referred to as a “slipped disc,” “ruptured disc,” “bulging disc,” “disc protrusion” and “extruded disc.” Studies have shown that a great number of patients with back pain have sustained a disc injury, especially if the patient has accompanying radiating leg pain (sciatica).
The diagnosis of a herniated disc is straightforward in most patients. However, it can be complicated when the symptoms or physical findings are atypical. It’s important to get a thorough history and clinical examination prior to getting a diagnosis. Usually X-rays and an MRI are necessary for the diagnosis.
- Herniated Discs Watch Video
- Herniated Disc (Cervical) Watch Video
Depending on the severity of symptoms and the presence of any neurologic symptoms, like sciatica or leg weakness, your doctor may recommend a range of treatment from physical therapy and medications to steroid injections or sometimes surgery.
- Lumbar Disc Microsurgery Watch Video
- Cervical Posterior Foraminotomy Watch Video
- Artificial Cervical Disc Replacement (PCM) Watch Video
- Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion (Intervertebral Spacer) Watch Video